June 9: Fitz Hugh Lane

This blog is on vacation for a few weeks. Meanwhile, contemplate the tranquility of this late piece by Fitz Hugh Lane (1804 – 1865).

Owl’s Head Penobscot Bay, Maine   1862   16×26″    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

It’s painted in glazes (thin, transparent layers). Oil paint grows increasingly transparent as it ages, which sometimes reveals details about how a work was executed. Here, for example, we can see the silhouette of the distant hills through the ship’s sails. The background was painted first, then the foreground. This avoided having to fill in a lot of niggly little shapes. (Of course, one painter’s niggle is another’s method. Compare “By the Seine” (March 17), where Seurat dissects all shapes, large and small, foreground and background, into dots.)

Part of Lane’s genius lies in his ability to keep the eye engaged with his apparently minimal forms. Imagine if that distant boat to the right were not there. Or that sagging post and its reflection just offshore. Or that sawback pattern of trees on Owl’s Head. No detail is dramatic, but everywhere you look there is something going on.

Lane achieved his luminist masterpieces toward the end of his life. His earlier work (example below) is robust rather than visionary. It chases after details for their own sake rather than disciplining them into one deftly modulated hit. The clouds are freely painted, but the clipper is not: every halyard and stay is mercilessly rendered. The ship doesn’t share the same light with the clouds or with the two ships on the left. The mechanical little whitecaps resemble those carpets that oppress one in hotel lobbies.

We see the same development from visual smorgasbord to lean decision in Lane’s fellow luminist, John Frederick Kensett (April 28). A vast improvement in both cases.

Clipper Ship “Southern Cross” Leaving Boston Harbor. 1851 Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts